Music therapy is provided by board-certified music therapists. Music therapists first complete a Bachelors degree in music therapy that involves numerous courses in music therapy, music theory, music history and literature, anatomy and physiology, psychology, and woodwind, brass, percussion, and vocal techniques. Music therapy students also study their major instruments extensively and have various opportunities for performances in ensembles and recitals. In addition, music therapy students participate in various practica experiences offered. Once undergraduate coursework is completed, music therapy students are required to complete a six-month internship, or 1200 hours, in which they utilize the skills and knowledge obtained in their coursework to provide therapeutic experiences through music under the supervision of a board-certified music therapist. After the completion of the internship, they must pass a board exam to become board-certified. A music therapist’s training provides him or her with extensive training in using therapeutic experiences using both recorded and live music in order to meet specific goals.
Interventions utilized in music therapy sessions may include singing, active music-making, improvisation, music and movement, music and art, songwriting, song discussion/lyric analysis, and music and imagery. Music therapy can address physical, emotional, social, spiritual, and cognitive goals.